MALCOLM X

 NICOLE KALI

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MALCOLM X'S INFLUENCE ON THE PANTHERS

Malcolm X catalyzed a nation of disenfranchised people to seek justice and destroy injustice. His politics tore away at America's false progressivism.

He exposed the true nature of a malevolent system: treating poor, Black people as disposable resources in a war for wealth. Malcolm X's anti-imperialist, anti-capitalist stance fueled a Black revolution. His assassination in 1965 kick-started the Panthers' formation.

Co-founder Bobby Seale has admitted "if they had not murdered Malcolm X, there probably never would have been a Black Panther Party."

ORGANIZATION OF AFRO-AMERICAN UNITY

Malcolm influenced the Panthers crucially through his self-defense advocacy and work with the Organization of Afro-American Unity. It was established a week before his murder to "launch a cultural revolution".2

The Black Panthers drafted their program and eight other self-sufficient community programs after Malcolm X's Basic Unity Program.

Originally five points (Restoration, Reorientation, Education, Economic Security and Self-Defense), these principles incorporated 10 Black revolutionary objectives into one document.

PROGRAMS

Eddie Conway (former Black Panther Party Defense Chief): "He was very into resident organizing, in the community, around community control. He talked about organizing after the Republicans and the Democrats, and an independent source to control the community. But he also talked about having the ability to protect the community, to defend the community." 3


Malcolm X was the progenitor Panther, Bobby Seale says so (Rolling Out)

Program of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (Malcolm X.org)

Former Black Panther Speaks on Malcolm X's Legacy (teleSUR)

Respect the architect: Malcolm X, the elections and the politics of empire (Al-Jazeera, 11-04-12)


RELATED REPORTS

Malcolm X Talks to Youth

Individual Impact

Black Revolutionary Women

Freedom

True Africa

Black Panther Principles