A reworked pagan belief system paints itself as monotheistic and the 'true' faith...a decision that created a schism between mankind, spirituality and nature yet to be filled. Time to tell the truth.


The pre-Christian world would experience countless disputes over ethnic and religious difference, but universalist faiths existed globally.

Take Manichaeism, a syncretic religion that combined Zoroastrian, Buddhist, Hindu and even Christian elements for its doctrine. Zoroastrianism provided the conflict of spirit versus matter.

Buddhism preached spiritual fulfillment through life itself. Hinduism's animism and cosmology influenced Manichaeism in its elemental kingdoms.

Iranian noble-prophet Mani (Manes) founded this amalgated belief in the 3rd century. A sacred vision struck at twenty via a mysterious 'Twin spirit' who set him on the path of revelation (Religion in Iran: Manichaeism).

Before long Manichaeism spread from Rome to China, where it became monijiao-"the religion of Mani" (Searching for Mani’s Picture-Book).

Manichaeism, 3rd to 17th century CE

Even beloved St. Augustine had been a Manichaean for a decade until his Christian conversion, an ironic transformation.

Dualist Christian sects were mislabelled Manichaean during medieval times. Perhaps St. Augustine railed against sexuality so adamantly to protect his real identity.

The ancient era was truly diverse. As major religions emerged across Asia and present-day Europe, so did violent hierarchies with destructive intent.

Mani was executed by Bahram I. Many other prophets and seers followed. This bloody crackdown is described more in A Goddess' History and Revolutionary Tides.

Roman Emperior Theodosius kicked off a wave of intolerance in 375 C.E. by banning all other faiths. Paganistic and 'heretic' social orders were Christianity's first targets. Nature deities had to go.


This is when a massive propaganda campaign set out to demonize figures in other belief systems. The Catholic good vs. evil dichotomy purposefully twisted concepts of demons, spirits or gods.

Daimons were no longer natural personifications, but a fearful non-human entity meant to kill.

Christianity sought to destroy divine sexual power. This is how Greco-Roman fertility + sex god Pan became the iconographic inspiration behind Satan.

"The devil was everywhere, carved on cathedral doors and pulpit pediments, always with the same Pan-like body." (A History of the Devil)

Pagan temples were destroyed by imperial decree.


As the Church emphasized sin and suffering simultaneously, the Devil was an excuse for further atrocities in Christianity's name. This vicious cycle complicated things and made believers vulnerable to authority's control.



Who is doing the hypocritical warmongering and hate campaigns today?

Christian Persecution of Paganism

Gay Deities

A History of the Devil (Gerard Messadié, 1996)

Power of Pagan Deities